Hybrid Rice In India-2016-Status
Raja Vadlamani: Head of Supply Chain-Asia at Seedworks International Pvt. Ltd.
Government of India has not fixed any target for increasing acreage of hybrid rice in the country unlike Philippines. However, efforts are being made to promote cultivation of hybrid rice through various crop development programmes such as National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI) and Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
From the initial level of 10,000 hectares in 1995, area under hybrid reached one million hectare in 2006, Exceeded 2.5 million hectares during 2014, which is about 5.6% of the total rice area in the country. It has picked up during the last Eleven years, mainly because of increasing popularity of hybrid rice in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya, Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and it is estimated that around 3+ Million Hectares is under Hybrid Rice cultivation in India in 2016 which is around 7% of the Total Rice cropped area in India.
With private sector playing a Major roll in Hybridisation of Rice, The Hybrid Rice seed market has touched a 45000 + MT Volume sale, as per An estimate.
Two MNC's and one Indian Majors in Hybrid Rice collectively occupy 50% of the market share.
The growth in 2016 can be attributed to significant increase under Kharif acreage of rice due to abundant rainfall,after a consecutive two years of drought and Growers shift from Inbred to Hybrid due to problems faced last year with OPV's.
In rice, the main kharif cereal crop, the increase in acreage is mainly on account of higher coverage in states such as uttar pradesh,Madhya Pradesh (6.37 lakh ha), West Bengal (5.38 l ha), Assam (4.11 l ha) and Bihar (3.90 l ha). On the other hand, Odisha (2.01 l ha) and Telangana (1.12 l ha) have registered a drop in acreage.
Earlier in 2012, It was estimated that by 2016 Hybrid Rice would cover an acreage of 5 Millian Hectares, How ever India lag behind much in terms of reaching to that level."The main problem is that consumers across have very different expectations of quality. Some like firm rice, some like sticky rice. The breed should be able to solve that problem each time they are producing a new variety," said Matthew Morell, director general of International Rice Research Institute.
This can be attributed to the fact that Still 80% of the industry depend on narrow genetic pool and lines developed way back in 1980. The solution to Massive Hybridisation in Rice would be from new elite germplasm that matches the quality requirements of Rice coupled with much higher Yield advantage and value added traits which is very impotent in the context of Indian Rice market.
Agrictultural experts are already tackling world hunger and climate change - and now, new strains of high quality, environmentally-friendly rice. And it shouldn't be too long before these new technologies being developed make the move from the lab to the farm.
By 2020 Demand outstrips supply and In order to maintain self sufficiency in India beyond 2020, It is crucial how fast Rice Hybridisation Happens in India
Data compiled in association with Dr Jagadeesh.
( While the data contained in this post has been compiled with all due care, The author does not warrant or represent that the data is free from errors or omission, or that it is exhaustive.)